The electromagnetic spectrum

Mid-infrared, from 30 to THz 10—2. For example, consider the cosmic microwave background. One of the waves is an oscillating magnetic field; the other is an oscillating electric field.

You may be familiar with UV from its ability to give you a sunburn. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article.

See ultraviolet for more information. Sunburnfor example, is caused by the disruptive effects of middle range UV radiation on skin cellswhich is the main cause of skin cancer. Waves are simply disturbances in a particular physical medium or a field, resulting in a vibration or oscillation.

Some radiation, such as visible light, largely passes is transmitted through the atmosphere. In a radio communication system, a radio frequency current is modulated with an information-bearing signal in a transmitter by varying either the amplitude, frequency or phase, and applied to an antenna.

Electromagnetic spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum, the Earth's atmosphere protects us from exposure to a range of higher energy waves that can be harmful to life. Optical fiber transmits light that, although not necessarily in the visible part of the spectrum it is usually infraredcan carry information.

The lower part of this range may also be called microwaves or terahertz waves.

Electromagnetic spectrum

Rather donate via PayPal or send a check? You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. A view of the spiral galaxy M81 in the ultraviolet, made possible by the Galex space observatory.

However, most of the Sun's damaging UV wavelengths are absorbed by the atmosphere before they reach the surface. Gamma rays Main article: One notable use is diagnostic X-ray imaging in medicine a process known as radiography.

In artificial generation of radio waves, an electronic device called a transmitter generates an AC electric current which is applied to an antenna. Types of radiation Main articles: X-rays are useful as probes in high-energy physics.

Please try again later.

Light: Electromagnetic waves, the electromagnetic spectrum and photons

By Christopher Crockett in Space June 5, The electromagnetic spectrum describes all the wavelengths of light. Visible light and near-infrared light is typically absorbed and emitted by electrons in molecules and atoms that move from one energy level to another.

The radio waves carry the information across space to a receiver, where they are received by an antenna and the information extracted by demodulation in the receiver.

If radiation having a frequency in the visible region of the EM spectrum reflects off an object, say, a bowl of fruit, and then strikes the eyes, this results in visual perception of the scene. Electromagnetic energy is observed and recorded by satellites and then transmitted to Earth. Hot objects black-body radiators can radiate strongly in this range, and human skin at normal body temperature radiates strongly at the lower end of this region.

Enjoying EarthSky? Subscribe.

However, there are certain wavelength ranges "windows" within the opaque range that allow partial transmission, and can be used for astronomy.

In a radio communication system, a radio frequency current is modulated with an information-bearing signal in a transmitter by varying either the amplitude, frequency or phase, and applied to an antenna. Visible light and near-infrared light is typically absorbed and emitted by electrons in molecules and atoms that move from one energy level to another.

In general, the longer wavelengths come from the coolest and darkest regions of space. Stolovy via Wikipedia The majority of stars emit most of their electromagnetic energy as visible light, the tiny portion of the spectrum to which our eyes are sensitive. In astronomy, the accretion disks around neutron stars and black holes emit X-rays, enabling studies of these phenomena.

From radio waves to gamma rays, most of the light in the universe is, in fact, invisible to us!The electromagnetic spectrum The electromagnetic spectrum is a continuous range of wavelengths.

The electromagnetic (EM) spectrum

The types of radiation that occur in different parts of the spectrum have different uses and dangers - depending on their wavelength and frequency. Introduction to the Electromagnetic Spectrum: Electromagnetic energy travels in waves and spans a broad spectrum from very long radio waves to very short gamma rays.

You depend on electromagnetic energy every hour of every day. Without it, the world you know could not exist. Electromagnetic energy travels in waves and spans a broad spectrum from very long radio waves to very short gamma rays.

The human eye can only detect only a. The electromagnetic spectrum is comprised of all the varieties of radiation in the universe.

Gamma rays have the highest frequency, whereas radio waves have the lowest. Visible light is approximately in the middle of the spectrum, and comprises a very small fraction of the overall spectrum.

Electromagnetic energy travels in waves and spans a broad spectrum from very long radio waves to very short gamma rays.

Tour of the Electromagnetic Spectrum

The human eye can only detect only a small portion of this spectrum called visible light. A radio detects a different portion of the spectrum, and an x-ray machine uses yet another portion. Electromagnetic waves form a spectrum of different wavelengths. This spectrum includes visible light, X-rays and radio waves.

Electromagnetic radiation can be useful as well as hazardous.

Download
The electromagnetic spectrum
Rated 5/5 based on 50 review