Also prior to European settlement, moose roamed the island, as did black bears up to the early 20th century. The Island receives an average yearly rainfall of millimetres Lawrence freezes over, thus eliminating any moderation. Geology[ edit ] Between and million years ago, freshwater streams flowing from ancient mountains brought silt, sand and gravel into what is now the Gulf of St.
There is ample precipitation throughout the year, although it is heaviest in the late autumn, early winter and mid spring. Ina new ascomycete species, Jahnula apiospora Jahnulales, Dothideomyceteswas collected from submerged wood in a freshwater creek on Prince Edward Island, Canada.
Six years later the colony was separated from Nova Scotiaand its first British governor, Walter Patterson, was appointed.
Many original settlement patterns can still be traced in place-names and family names. Prince Edward Prince edward island became a fashionable retreat in the 18th century for British nobility".
Prince Edward was the father of Queen Victoria. Four Senate appointments also are allotted to the province. There is an active wildlife-conservation program. Learn about their intriguing heritage and enduring legacy at this cultural center in Prince edward island, featuring permanent and temporary exhibits in both English and French.
The most common family name remains MacDonald. The population increased dramatically from to approximately three thousand. Vikings may have visited Prince Edward Island about ce. Water pollution has not been extensive mainly because of the paucity of heavy industry and of mass manufacturingbut effluents from food- and fish-processing plants, manure, pesticide, and fertilizer runoff, and soil erosion from intensive potato cultivation, as well as oil leakage and sedimentation, have collectively seriously degraded some water resources.
The shifting, parabolic dune system is home to a variety of birds and rare plants; it is also a site of significant archeological interest. Resources and power Lacking a local source of natural gas and oil, Prince Edward Island has been heavily reliant on imported sources of energy.
Pope became the first provincial premier for Prince Edward Island as a part of the confederation. Library and Archives Canada C Resourceful politicians then persuaded the federal government to make concessions that enabled the province to purchase the lands still held by foreign proprietors and resell them to resident farmers, to assume the debt of the island railway, and to obtain assurance of continuous communication with the mainland.
Foreign species now include linden, horse chestnutblack walnutand European mountain ash. The soils, classed as podzols, rest on a sandstone base and are low in plant nutrients and high in acidity.
On the north side the bays are generally blocked by dunes, but on the east and south there are good natural harbours. It was not until that the first French settlement, Port La Joie, was established on what Cartier described as "the most beautiful stretch of land imaginable.
A few island fishers participate in the lucrative catches of cod, haddock, tuna, and mackerel in the Gulf of St.
A stream of Syrian and Lebanese immigrants settled on the island in the late 19th century, to whom a number of island premiers traced their lineage. Transportation fuels constituted about half of Prince edward island total, while petroleum-based heating fuels accounted for about three-tenths of it.
Geology[ edit ] Between and million years ago, freshwater streams flowing from ancient mountains brought silt, sand and gravel into what is now the Gulf of St. Its southern shore bounds the Northumberland Strait.
Sports and recreation Facilities and programs for sports and recreation are abundant. The reforms resulted in upgraded living standardsbut with a growing dependence Prince edward island public funds and a strain on provincial resources. The annual music festival attracts thousands of participants from the schools of the province.
Such mean temperatures, however, conceal some the most variable day-to-day weather experienced in the country. Food processing has evolved from many small local plants into a few large enterprises. Lobster fishing boats and traps, Prince Edward Island, Can.
Fragmented successional forest now covers about half the island. Since the centre has played host to both the Charlottetown Festival, a celebration of theatre, and the popular and long-running main-stage musical Anne of Green Gables—The Musical.
Library and Archives Canada C Resourceful politicians then persuaded the federal government to make concessions that enabled the province to purchase the lands still held by foreign proprietors and resell them to resident farmers, to assume the debt of the island railway, and to obtain assurance of continuous communication with the mainland.
The province is represented in the federal Parliament by one member from each of four electoral districts: Thirty-one municipalities have taken responsibility for planning. The University of Prince Edward Island, at Charlottetown, was chartered in as a merger of two institutions that had originated more than a century earlier, Prince of Wales College and St.
The ruffed grouse is a native bird, but ring-necked pheasants and Hungarian partridges are imports. A plebiscite in was held in Charlottetown over fluoridation, and residents voted in favour.Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province consisting of an island of the same name.
The island is part of Mi'kma'ki, the lands of the Mi'kmaq people. Explored by Europeans in the 16th Century, the French claimed all of the lands of the Maritimes in and French colonists arrived in agronumericus.com is the official website of the province of Prince Edward Island.
Learn about Prince Edward Island and government services available to. To the energetic explorers–the bold, brave and daring. To those who leap at the chance to make each day more invigorating than the last. This is your Island. Sandy beaches and red cliffs meet culinary sophistication on Prince Edward Island, one of Canada's 50 Places of a Lifetime.
Stay on top of Prince Edward Island with the latest in news, weather, events and interviews. Prince Edward Island Tourism: TripAdvisor has 97, reviews of Prince Edward Island Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Prince Edward Island .Download