A lab report on determining the elements found in substances based on the energy they absorb and emi

The ramifications for this experiment are wide and far-reaching. Some physical properties that can be observed quantitatively are melting point, boiling point, solubility, viscosity, density, and refractive index. For different elements the spacing between the ground state and the higher energy levels is different.

When the compound to be studied is excited by heating it in a flame, the metal ions will begin to emit light. A specific combination of properties is unique to a given substance, so it is possible to identify most substances just by careful determination of several properties.

The photons emitted precisely match the quantum energy difference between the excited state and the ground state. Eventually, these excited electrons drop back to where they ought to be, and in so doing, they release the energy they stored up as particles of light, called photons.

Based on the emission spectrum of the element, the compound will turn the flame a characteristic color. Step 1 was repeated using the same solvents but a small sample of toluene instead of naphthalene. The weighed solid was added to the liquid in the cylinder. These lines show the energy differences between different excited states and lower states, including the ground state.

Violet has the highest frequency because the amount of energy is directly proportional to the frequency. For different elements the spacing between the ground state and the higher energy levels is different.

The amount of energy in the photon determines its color; red for the lowest energy visible light, increasing energy through the rainbow of orange yellow green blue indigo, and finally violet for the highest energy visible light.

Step 1 was repeated using the same solvents but a small sample of the solid unknown. However, since the observer does not use a spectroscope only one color is observed. Analytical balance, mL beaker, mL beaker, mL container with screw cap, mL graduated cylinder, large test tube, small test tubes, test tube rack, 8mL pipet, ring stand, ring, wire gauze, no.

It is insoluble in water, soluble in cyclohexane, and soluble in alcohol. Physical properties are those properties that can be observed without altering the composition of the substance. A spectrum is the scientific name for a rainbow: The photons emitted precisely match the quantum energy difference between the excited state and the ground state.

You can see spectra using a spectroscope, a prism, or a diffraction grating. What color of light is the highest frequency? The Flame Test lab was an in-class lab where we tested chemicals in the flames to see the wide range of colors in the color spectrum.

The discharge tubes are fragile and should be handled with care. The color of the light emitted depends on the energies of the photons emitted, which are in turn are determined by the energies required to move electrons from one orbital to another.

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They then return to their ground state by emitting a photon of light the law of conservation of energy indicates that the photon emitted will contain the same amount of energy as that absorbed in the quantum jump.

The photons emitted precisely match the quantum energy difference between the excited state and the ground state. This can happen in two ways. Low-pressure sodium vapor lamps cast a soft yellow light on certain San Diego streets.

What color of light has the lowest frequency? In flame tests salts that are dissolved in water are evaporated using a hot flame. LiCl Lithium Chloride is moderately toxic by ingestion; avoid contact with eyes, skin and mucus membranes.It means that they are in a higher energy state. If you test 2 solutions and find that they both produce a red flame, how can you determine for sure whether they contain the same metal?

Different elements have different spacing between their ground state and higher energy state. This gives a way to identify elements by their spectrum. Testing Chemical Properties of Substances Lab Report - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.

higher energy levels when they absorb energy. However, the quantum-mechanical model metallic elements emit light strongly in the visible region, allowing their detection to be made Some questions that you should address in your lab report include. LAB: ELEMENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES Throughout the ages of history, philosophers and scientists have talked about “the procedures so that they make sense to you.

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Why do certain elements change color over a flame?

Copy the data table, neatly, into your notebook. MATERIALS Samples of elements listed below Microsoft Word - agronumericus.com Author: Fawcett, Tammy. Procedure: The procedure for this lab was to be in groups of two, one that would observe the reactions to the independent and dependent variables and the other to retrieve the materials we need and mixing the substances together.

Each natural element has a characteristic light spectrum that helps identify it in samples of unknown substances. Spectroscopy is the practice of examining spectra and comparing them to those of known elements. Using spectroscopy methods, scientists can identify pure substances or compounds and the elements in them.

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A lab report on determining the elements found in substances based on the energy they absorb and emi
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